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Crystal Meth

Drug Types


Crystal Meth is an Methamphetamine desoxyephedrine is a psychostimulant and sympathomimetic drug.

The dextrorotatory isomer dextromethamphetamine can be prescribed to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, though unmethylated amphetamine is more commonly prescribed.

Narcolepsy and obesity can also be treated by the aforementioned isomer under the brand name Desoxyn.

It is considered a second line of treatment, used when amphetamine and methylphenidate cause the patient too many side effects.

It is only recommended for short term use (~6 weeks) in obesity patients because it is thought that the anorectic effects of the drug are short lived and produce tolerance quickly, whereas the effects on CNS stimulation are much less susceptable to tolerance. It is also used illegally for weight loss and to maintain alertness, focus, motivation, and mental clarity for extended periods of time, and for recreational purposes.

Methamphetamine enters the brain and triggers a cascading release of norepinephrine, dopamine and serotonin.

To a lesser extent methamphetamine acts as a dopaminergic and adrenergic reuptake inhibitor and in high concentrations as a monamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI).

Since it stimulates the mesolimbic reward pathway, causing euphoria and excitement, it is prone to abuse and addiction.

Users may become obsessed or perform repetitive tasks such as cleaning, hand-washing, or assembling and disassembling objects. Withdrawal is characterized by excessive sleeping, eating, and depression-like symptoms, often accompanied by anxiety and drug-craving.

Users of methamphetamine sometimes take sedatives such as benzodiazepines as a means of easing their "come down".

Common nicknames for methamphetamine include meth, ice, crystal, tina, p, tik, and glass. Methamphetamine is sometimes referred to as "speed", but this term is usually used for other amphetamines.

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Meth addicts show the horrors of addiction: faces that seem to have had the life sucked out of them, sunken eyes that indicate days or weeks without sleep, wasting bodies from malnutrition resulting from a total lack of appetite, mouths riddled with sores and rotted or missing teeth, skin thatís been scratched or cut and incessantly picked at.

And thatís only whatís happening on the surface.

Inside, methamphetamines ravage the kidneys, liver, lungs, heart and even the brain. Long-term use can result in permanent psychological damage, stroke and failure of other organs. Addicts hear voices and see people and things that no one else sees or hears. \

Women who are pregnant give birth to ďcrack babiesĒ with cardiac problems, cleft palates and other birth defects, who suffer the consequences of withdrawal as soon as theyíre born.

Many people believe that crystal meth is a drug used by only the most far gone of drug addicts.

Itís true that chronic meth users look like that, but they didnít start out that way.

The facts are, meth is used by teenagers who just want a little extra edge when studying for a test.

Itís used by young girls who want to control their weight.

And itís used by guys who want a little extra out of a sexual experience.

Meth users (also called tweakers) can be students, professionals, city folk or urban dwellers, dirt poor or celebrity rich, and members of any ethnic background.

Not the typical drug abuser profile, is it ? Not by a long shot.

Meth addicts need help.

They are in the grip of a progressive and potentially fatal disease.

Crystal meth effects an individual not only psychologically but physically as well. The physical effects of crystal meth include, heart palpitations, blurred vision, extended wakefulness, and damage to the brain, lungs and liver.

Crystal meth effects the users vision, judgment, coordination, and reflexes as well. Crystal meth can cause automobile and other machinery accidents.

The effects of crystal meth may last from 2 hours to 20 hours depending on how much is smoked. Crystal meth effects behavior as well.

This includes violence, hallucinations, depression and psychoses.

Crystal meth's effects increases arousal in the central nervous system by pumping up levels of two neurotransmitters, norepinephrine and dopamine.

At low doses, crystal meth boosts alertness and blocks hunger and fatigue.

At higher doses, crystal meth causes exhilaration and euphoria.

At very high doses, the effects of crystal meth can cause agitation, paranoia, and bizarre behavior. Physical crystal meth effects include increased heart rate, blood pressure, and body temperature.

Anxiety, emotional swings, and paranoia are the most common psychological effects due to chronic use of crystal meth. Symptoms increase with long-term use, and can involve paranoid delusions and hallucinations.

Violence and self-destructive behavior are common. Overdose is also a risk with crystal meth. Symptoms include fever, convulsions, and coma.

Death can result from burst blood vessels in the brain (triggered by spikes in blood pressure) or heart failure

Crystal meth is made of highly volatile, toxic substances (based on such chemical "precursors" as methylamine and amyl amine) that are melded in differing combinations, forming what some have described as a "mix of laundry detergent and lighter fluid.

The drug can either be snorted or injected, or in its crystal form 'ice' smoked in a pipe, and brings on a feeling of exhilaration and a sharpening of focus.

Smoking crystal meth results in an instantaneous dose of almost pure drug to the brain, giving a huge rush followed by a feeling of euphoria for anything from 2-16 hours.

Crystal meth's effects and addiction potential are similar to that of amphetamine abuse, although as crystal meth is a lot stronger, the dangers involved are greater with an increased chance of overdose.

Abuse of crystal meth can bring on paranoia, short term memory loss, wild rages and mood swings as well as damage to your immune system.

As far as we know, it is not physically addictive, although many have quickly developed a very strong psychological and
damaging dependence for the drug.

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